You may be aware that Prosecco wine can be dry, extra dry or brut. There are other variants as well. The sweetness and dryness are not the only two differentiating characteristics. The quality of Prosecco wine depends on the actual type of Glera grape grown in the nine different provinces of northeastern Italy. Prosecco is a sparkling wine but there is a still variant as well. Not every Prosecco wine is equally bubbly. The fizz does vary greatly. There are also different winegrowing regions within the provinces that are recognised for Prosecco wine.
• Geographical origin is the most decisive factor in the classification of Prosecco wine. Prosecco DOC is what you will hear about the most because it is the most abundantly produced type of this sparkling wine. This type of Prosecco wine can be produced in any of the nine provinces. Prosecco DOC is what you are likely to find at most stores across the United Kingdom.
• Prosecco Conegliano Valdobbiadene Superiore DOCG is a less common variety. It is produced at the hillsides of Valdobbiadene and Conegliano. This is a rather precise geographical area. Only grapes grown on these hillsides can be used to make this variety and the DOCG is much better than the DOC.
• Prosecco Conegliano Valdobbiadene Superiore Rive DOCG comes from Conegliano-Valdobbiadene region. This is an even smaller area than the hillsides. There are forty-three communes, much like towns, that produce this wine and only these places can claim so on their label by mentioning Superior Prosecco.
• Prosecco Valdobbiadene Superiore di Cartizze DOCG is another variety. It is rarer than the Superior Prosecco. It is grown west of Valdobbiadene. The total area under cultivation of the type of Glera grapes for this type of Prosecco wine is around a hundred and seven hectares.
• Prosecco Colli Asolani DOCG is produced on the hills between Asolo and Cornuda. The soil in this area is the primary differentiating factor as it contributes to the cultivation of truly special Glera grapes. This type of Prosecco wine can be quite expensive.
• There is another classification of Prosecco wine based on the use of organically grown grapes. Organic cultivation has an obviously positive environmental impact but it also contributes to the quality of this sparkling wine. Organic cultivation helps grapes to have thicker skin. The skin plays a crucial role in determining the texture and flavour of Prosecco wine.